Wetland & Grasslands


The wetlands constitute the third major habitat type. They include the rivers, streams, lakes and marshes. While many of the major wetlands are perennial with some amount of surface moisture retained round the year such as the Bankey, Kakraha, Chhedia, Bhandara, Chhapra, Amaha, Bhadi, Mutna, Churaila, Puraina, Laudaria, Nagra, Khajua, Chaitua, Dhanghari, Bhadraula, Terhia etc., some dry up in the hottest part of summer. The wetlands provide fairly diverse condition, as a result of which appreciable variations in vegetative types and associations are found. The extent of area under water varies with the seasons. The large water bodies, or taals, are associated with grasslands. They provide refuge, food and water to vast variety and number of migratory birds, mammals, fishes, amphibians and reptiles.’


The grasslands are a prominent feature of both the National Park. They constitute about 19 % of the National Park. These make the habitat unique. In the National Park, the grasslands are categorized into two prominent typesviz:Upland areas of phantasand Low lying phantas.

The majority of the areas is upland phantas and forms the major habitat of Swamp deer and Hog deer. These areas are not marshy. Water logging occurs for some time during monsoon. These areas are characterized by extremes of wet and dry conditions. The low lying savannah has typically marshy conditions. The soil is permanently saturated and wet; aeration is poor with some water standing round the year.

The major grasslands are located on the southern fringe of the Park along the Suheliriver. Grasslands of varied dimensions are dispersed throughout the National Park. The surrounds of JhadiTaal and stretches along Ullriver are the prominent grasslands of the Sanctuary.

The grasslands are home to a vast variety of animals. The mosaic of grasslands and high forests form unique niches that are occupied by numerous life forms. In the predominantly high forests occur grasslands, often associated with Swamps that provide food and water to wild animals. In the predominantly grassy areas, there occur patches of trees called bojhis that provide shade and shelter to animals.

A myriad of insects, birds, reptiles and mammals live here. Several endangered species such as Swamp deer, Tiger, Hispid hare, Swamp partridge, the reintroduced Rhinos, Bengal florican, Black buck, Python, etc. are found.